Throwing a big 'spanner' into the accelerating universe!

Frank Pio Russo - September 19 2015. (Revised September 21, 2015).

In 2013 I wrote an article which tended to prove why the early universe appeared to be decelerating as it was expanding! This was based on the fact that the speed of light that scientists currently endorse, is the in-house/local/relative 299,792,458 m/sec... whereas the true speed of light, out and about the universe, is 304,475,873.2 m/sec... the latter being a first order measurement from stellar aberration.

The reason this was so, is because for minor distances we use the Astronomical Unit in triangulations to work out distances, which we can then convert to light-years: but of course with the smaller speed of light, we would be over-estimating the predicted movement in light years, and surprise ourselves that things had not expanded quite that far!

Now the obvious fact that would follow from this, is that with very distant objects we derive the distances first in light-years from red-shift measurements, and then we use the 'known' speed of light to work-out the distances away. Obviously, in this later scenario we would be under-estimating the distances, thus thinking that some 1A supernovas might be much closer than they actually are... and lo and behold: we are much surprised that they appear dimmer than we expect them to be!

In view of the foregoing, it is obvious that I have thrown a big spanner in the current astronomical view of the accelerating universe!  Of course not being an astronomer but rather a relativist, I need actual competent astronomers to vet what I am saying and confirm it: I have actually made an approach to a very famous one.

In conclusion, my hope is that I might effect a much needed paradigm shift... it's about time that we move on from the very 'subjective' einsteinian ideas.

Frank Pio Russo.

I will include the earlier ideas that led to today's article:

How using the wrong speed of light could affect our perceptions of the universe!

Frank Russo - January 20, 2013. (Revised February 09, 2013). (Underlined bits added October 06 2015)

I would just like to briefly consider how my aberration speed of light - which is 304,475,873.2 m/sec  [1] - could possibly give us the faulty impression that our universe was decelerating in its early history, if we use the current speed of 299,792,458 m/sec [2]. I have in the past entertained the universe and reality growing like a fractal, but I did not necessarily seriously consider the idea of an accelerating or decelerating universe.

If one uses the wrong speed of light he runs into trouble... after working out a distance in kilometres one has to then convert it to light years so as to bring time into the frame and of course supposedly simplify things. However the current speed of light which is currently in usage is the "experimental" 299,792,458 m/sec, which is only an in-house local phenomenon! So when the distances of stars are worked out, the further the stars are away, the bigger the discrepancy in light years! Hence one could get the perception that the universe was slowing in its early history... (if I'm right about the speeds of light, the distance of stars in light years is overestimated... a star perceived at 80 light years away, is actually 1.232 light years closer to us then that!

I am of course not dogmatic about all of the foregoing, but the possibility that I may be right about this should be considered. By one particular analysis my aberration speed only varies by 9 parts per 10,000  when compared to Bradley's value from the 17th century [1]... (actually the only probable reason Bradley didn't get virtually the same as me , is because his equipment wasn't calibrated as adequately as modern ones... he got 20.2" and I got 20.18" which amounts to a difference of about 286.1 km), therefore my speed of light has endured the test of time... I don't exactly know how CERN determines its speed... I guess by the number of 27 km tunnel revolutions... this of course cannot compare... it's still an in-house local measurement with an ever changing direction... not a one-way speed at all! Not what is seen out and about the universe!

All I can do now, is sit back and wait for my deliberations to be considered... as I am not an astronomer, I await their fair judgement. May progress continue grinding forward!

Frank Russo.

Bibliography: (both available on )

[1] Russo F.P.(1995) Analysis of Stellar Aberration yields the ‘real’ speed of Light. Speculations in Science and Technology,18, 200- 204.

[2] Russo F.P.(1998) The Michelson-Morley experiment : the final solution? Speculations in Science and Technology, 21, 73-78.




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