Lucretius: Relative Motion/Abstract time and the nature of the atom.
By Joel Michael Russo – February 06, 2017.
Titus Lucretius Carus (99/98 b.c – 55 b.c) was a Roman poet/philosopher. The Lucretian gens to which he belonged was one of the oldest of the great Roman houses.
In addition to the works of his master, Epicurus, he shows knowledge of the philosophical poem of Empedocles and at least an acquaintance with the works of Democritus, Anaxagoras, Heraclitus, Plato, and the Stoics. Of the other Greek prose writers, he knew Thycydides and Hippocrates. Among the poets he expresses highest admiration for Homer, frequently reproduces Euripides, and shows a close study of Ennius.
Nothing is known of the poet’s education except what might be inferred from the presence in Rome during his youth, of eminent Greek teachers of the Epicurean sect who lived on terms of intimacy with members of the governing class.
His work “On The Nature Of Things” contains the following quotes extracted:
“Time also exists not by itself, but simply from the things which happen the sense apprehends what has been done in time past, as well as what is present and what is to follow after. And we must admit that no one feels time by itself abstracted from the motion and calm rest of things” ~Lucretius
“Again unless there shall be a least, the very smallest bodies will consist of infinite parts, insomuch as the half of the half will always have a half and nothing will set the bounds to the division. Therefore between the sum of things and the least of things what difference will there be? There will be no distinction at all; for how absolutely infinite soever the whole sum is, yet the things which are smallest will equally consist of infinite parts. ~Lucretius
These quotes serve to illustrate ideas and concepts, which although appear new and novel and yet have been around since the beginning and are challenging the concepts of time as its own entity as opposed to an abstract measurement as well as the nature of the atom/particle.
*Source Reference: Great Books Of The Western World