Transverse motion of stars causes inflation and deflation of light speed!

Frank Russo - January 14, 2013. (Revised September 22, 2013.)

Because the absolute motion of the earth does not show up in the observed stellar aberration, it follows that the transverse motion of stars causes the inflation of the light ray from the point of view of a subjective distant observer who is in the absolute frame... and the deflation of the 'perpendicularly' emitted light speed to a hypothetical observer on the star itself.

Let us begin with the currently accepted figures for the speeds of light and of the earth... - respectively 299,792,458 m/sec [1] and 29,790 m/sec. - the accepted aberration for this is 20.496 arc seconds... but of course most people would easily accept a much larger absolute speed of the earth, (I've actually measured it as 53,198,115.45 m/sec [2] see ). This massive motion would of course cause an inflation along the hypotenuse!

Conversely, for a hypothetical person sitting on the surface of the star to be able to see a light beam reflected back by a mirror perpendicular to the star's transverse motion, the beam would have to go across a series of oblique rays of light through a manufactured light beam which is of course travelling at a deflated speed of light... (see . For those who find it hard to visualize what an absolute speed is, see ).

The foregoing of course throws a bit of a spanner in the expanding and accelerating universe... I don't think Hubble actually considered the fact that the transverse motion of distant galaxies, could cause light to be red-shifted!

This inflation of the speed of light through transverse motion is obvious when you think about it... why should the frequency of light actually increase just because the star is moving sideways? And as to the recent discovery of an accelerating universe... well apparently the "dark flow" discovered, can somewhat limit the expansion to just our region of the universe... (according to Christos Tsagas from the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece [3] ).

In conclusion then, the upshot of this article is that our universe could be finite... e.g. like a macro-atom of sorts! Naturally one would expect life to develop near the centre somewhere... and this must be, or at least could be our galaxy! Furthermore, it stands to reason that the further out you go, the faster things may be revolving... a bit reminiscent of the ultra quick electrons somewhat! These are exciting times we are living in... perhaps once we do realize this, we may be ready to take our place in our universe, and contact with the "centre" of our galaxy may become inevitable!

Frank Russo.


1. Russo F.P.(1998) The Michelson-Morley experiment : the final solution? Speculations in Science and Technology, 21, 73-78.

2. Russo F.P.(1995) Analysis of Stellar Aberration yields the real speed of Light. Speculations in Science and Technology,18, 200- 204.

3. Tsagas C.G. (2012) Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. Lett. 426,36 (2012)













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