Is there really 2 frames of reference in the Michelson-Morley experiment?

Frank Pio Russo - February 15, 2018.

The argument has always been that if there was any difference to see as far as the speed of light goes, it would have been seen in the Michelson-Morley experiment. However this wrongly assumes that 2 different frames of reference were there present, simply by rotating the MM apparatus by 90 degrees. Was that actually really a true fact?

It should not be accepted as such simply because the talented Maxwell said so, remember Maxwell was not God but merely a Christian! By actually making such a suggestion that spurred Albert Michelson to build his interferometer, he started everybody on a wild goose chase that ended-up in einsteinian chaos!

As the British scientist Dr Jack Cohen intimated whilst commenting on my paper entitled "The Michelson-Morley experiment: the final solution?" from 1998 in Speculations in Science and Technology, there was virtually no way that any difference in the arms could have been shown! And it stands to reason because I would go so far as to say, that there was only one frame of reference there, as besides the independent source of light there was only one velocity really at work, and that was the velocity of the earth: I thoroughly demonstrated that no difference between the orbital and perpendicular could be shown!

The correct course of action would be to measure the speed of light under a different scenario, e.g. on mars or on the moon where presumably a different orbital speed would operate, and look for any difference in value! However this might prove very difficult to achieve, because the operative orbital speed that one would have to deviate from is the massive 'absolute orbital velocity' which I have calculated as 53,198 km/sec!

Summarizing then, I would conclude that each individual situation would represent one particular frame of reference only - namely the immediate environment of the observer - especially in view of the fact that very often, myriads of velocities can average to one absolute velocity! Plus one mustn't forget that the beam of light is always inflated equally by a velocity regardless of whether one considers its effect orbitally or perpendicular to it!

Frank Pio Russo

Ps. - One might well ask "sure the moon is not realistic as its orbital speed is very similar to the earth, but what makes you think that Mars or anywhere-else might be a goer, if the variation of the plus and minus speed of the earth did not accomplish anything in this regard?" Well the facts are that whilst the plus and minus variations would average out somewhat in the Michelson-Morley experiment - the mean experimental value for the speed of light would be expected to increase slightly where the orbital speed might be some-what lower!